Labour Relation




The Labour Relations Department is concerned with the sixth strategic objective of the government, which is based on developing control tools and the rights of production parties in the labour market.  It has many initiatives in this regard, such as organizing educational workshops for the parties involved with employers, trade unionists and workers in the private sector. It also encourages cultural social dialogue in settling individual and collective work disputes, and sponsors many meetings, events and agreements in this regard, and is concerned with organizing and monitoring the relationship between the worker, whether citizen or expatriate, and the employer in a way that ensures full compliance with the labour law in the private sector and the ministerial decisions implementing it and related to it.

The department, consisting of the Arbitration and Labour Consultation Department and the Labour Union Section, seeks to maintain a stable labour market, by stating the rights and duties of each party to ensure the implementation of national labour legislation in accordance with applicable international standards, and the provision of decent work in the labour market for workers.

Arbitration and Labour Consultancy:


The Arbitration and Labour Consulting Department, through its work team, provides many services to production parties, including the provision of written legal advice services in relation to the labour law rules in the private sector and ministerial decisions issued pursuant thereto.  In addition to providing a service to settle individual labour disputes that may arise between the worker and the employer, as well as issues related to the domestic workers' complaints. The department also provides a telephoneanswering service in accordance to a prepared schedule for this purpose.


It also provides attestations on the regulations and statutes for individual companies and institutions in the private sector.The team of arbitrators in this section works on clarifying the penal regulations, rights and duties of the parties to the relationship, and determining the extent to which the worker is entitled to unemployment allowance, in case the applicant has fileda complaint with this section.


It is worth notingthat Ministry's role in handling the labour disputes is a compromissory role, which narrows the disputed views of the parties to the conflict. If consensus is not reached between the disputed parties, the labour complaint must be referred to the judiciary for a decision.


However, the role of the Labour and Arbitration Consultancy is distinct from that of the judiciary in terms of its flexibility and speed, which saves the disputed parties effort, time and expenses and to the voluntary implementation of the agreement reached contrary to the judiciary’s decision, which once it is issued, it will be mandatory for the claimant to accept and implement the court ruling without hesitation.  It will also hold the confidence of parties, which from it gains its strengths to motivate the parties in reaching a compromise to end the dispute.



  1. Office consultations are done through personal attendance and registration before the complainant meets with the relevant arbitrator to obtain an advice.
  2. Written consultation carried out by replying to the written advice provided to the Director by the worker or the employer
  3. Ratification of statutes and sanctions regulations after their review.
  4. Settlement of individual labour disputes brought by the worker, employer, or domestic servants and their equivalent.





Application for registration of Labour settlement

Worker consulting request



Trade Unions:

The Trade Unions Affairs Department coordinates with the three production parties in all matters related to trade union organizations, besides overseeing, collective negotiations, resolving disputes, following up on the registration of collective labour complaints application, presenting them to the Council for Settlement of Collective Disputes or the Arbitration and Conciliation Board at the Ministry of Justice, Islamic Affairs and Waqf.

The department also receives applications to establish new trade unions, reviews their establishment procedures, provides the necessary database In preparation for determining the representative trade union for Bahraini workers in international forums, promotes union awareness and strengthens social dialogue in light of national and international labour legislation, prepares union cadres and leaderships, with emphasis on work values, increasing and developing productivity, and enhancing social participation among parties.

It also provides the service of attesting collective work contracts, publishing them in the Official Gazette, and monitoring their implementation.

Collective Dispute Settlement Council:


It is an independent council for the settlement of collective Labour disputes and, it does not organizationally affiliate to the Labour Relations Directorate, however, communication with this Council is only through the Labour Relations Directorate, as the Director of the Department is the Chairman of this Council, accordingly it is responsible for settling workers' disputes concerning the terms and conditions of work or the terms of recruitment.

The Collective Labour Dispute Settlement Council works to promote a culture of social dialogue in resolving issues and disputes between one or more employers, and all their workers or a group of them, which are received by it through the Trade Union Department. The Council, which its formation was based by a decision from the Minister of Labour and Social Development, is composed of high-level officials in order to secure the rights of the conflicting parties and settle them in accordance with the law and in a consensual manner between the parties to the disputing relationship.

The council also constitutes the initial stage of the settlement of collective labour disputes, in case they cannot be settled. The board must refer the disputes to the arbitration board at the Ministry of Justice for a final judicial decision, upon the request of one of the arbitrators.