Labour Relation




The Department of Labour Relations is concerned with the sixth strategic objective of the government, which is based on the development of control tools and the rights of production parties in the labour market. It has many initiatives in this regard, such as organizing educational workshops for parties involved with employers, trade unionists and civil society workers. It also promotes the culture of social dialogue in settling individual and collective labour disputes, sponsors many meetings, events and conventions in this regard, and organizes and supervises the relationship between the worker, whether citizen or expatriate, and the employer in order to ensure full compliance with the Labour Law in the private sector and the ministerial decisions implementing it and related to it. The administration, which consists of the Arbitration and Labour Consultancy Section and the Trade Unions Department, seeks to maintain a stable labour market by stating the rights and duties of each party to ensure the implementation of national labour legislation in accordance with international standards and to provide decent work in the labour market for workers.

Arbitration and Labour Consultancy:

The Arbitration and Labour Consultancy Department, through its working team, provides many services to the parties of production, including the provision of written legal consultancy services regarding the rules of the Labour Law in the private sector and the ministerial decisions issued pursuant thereto. In addition to providing a service to resolve individual labour disputes that may arise between the worker and the employer, as well as issues related to complaints of domestic workers, Moreover, the service to answer telephone inquiries received by it in accordance with a schedule prepared for this purpose.

In this connection, it shall be noted that the role of the Ministry in dealing with labour disputes is a compromise role to bring the views of the parties to the conflict, If there is no agreement between the two parties, the labour complaint shall be referred to the trail Court/ for adjudication, However, it is distinguished from the flexibility and speed of the judiciary, which saves both parties to the conflict effort, time and expenses, In addition to the voluntary implementation of the agreement reached in contrast to the judiciary, which, once issued its judgment, the applicant shall implement the compulsory execution of the sentence through the judiciary, It also has the confidence of persons working, all of which are strengths that motivate the parties to resort it and to reach compromises to end the dispute.



Trade Unions:

The Trade Unions Affairs Department coordinates with the three production parties in all matters related to trade union organizations, as well as supervises collective negotiations, resolves disputes, and follows up on the registration of collective labour complaints application, presenting them to the Council for Settlement of Collective Disputes or the Arbitration and Conciliation Board at the Ministry of Justice, receiving applications for the establishment of new trade unions, reviewing the procedures for establishing them, providing the necessary database, disseminating trade union awareness and promoting social dialogue in light of national and international labour legislation.

Collective Dispute Settlement Council:

It is an independent council for the settlement of collective Labour disputes and, it does not organizationally follow the Labour Relations Department, however, communication with this Council is only through the Department of Labour Relations, as the Director of the Department is the Chairman of this Council and is responsible for settling workers' disputes concerning the terms and conditions of work or the terms of recruitment.

The Collective Labour Disputes Settlement Council promotes a culture of social dialogue in resolving issues and disputes between one or more employers, all their workers or a team, which is received by the Trade Unions Section, the Council, which is formed by a decision of the Minister of Labour and Social Development, consists of high-level officials to ensure the rights of the conflicting parties and to decide on them in accordance with  the law and consensually between the parties to the conflict.

The Council also constitutes the initial stage of the settlement of collective Labour disputes, in case the dispute cannot be settled, the Board shall refer the whole dispute to the arbitration board of the Ministry of Justice for a final judicial decision, upon the request of one of the arbitrators.